In the world, there is a large population that smokes. And in today’s world, we try to make it clear that they are bad and have really devastating side effects. A majority of races, ethnicities, and populations all have people who smoke in some sort of way. Whether it be whites, blacks, Hispanics or other, they all smoke. Why is that? It can be used to relieve stress, some it is a pass time, or maybe they started at a young age to be cool and never dropped the habit. Smoking is a disparity that affects many people. A disparity is a thing that affects many people of a certain group of people, like race, socioeconomic status, and much more. In the Hispanic community, about 21 percent use some sort of tobacco daily. By smoking, it can lead them to have many bad diseases and possibly die. There are many influences on why a large chunk of the Hispanic community smokes. And the Social-Ecological Model can help me explain it.
The Social-Ecological Model is a model that shows influences that can affect people and their health. The model has many levels starting at individual, and going to as large as public policy. I will show you the levels of individual, relationship, and community influences of the Social-Ecological Model (SEM). Let us say we are talking about a small community where the majority of the population is Hispanic. Individually, not many of the population understands what is bad about smoking. The reason for this might be that some of the population that smokes are older who really do not understand English. Since they do not speak English, it is harder for them to get the information from doctors and such. On the relationship aspect, many young members of the smoking population have been around the older smoking population. Being young, they might think that it is cool and of course start to do it themselves. Also having peers who smoke does not really help either. With people around them smoking, many of the young population will start to smoke. On a community level, many stores and places that sell tobacco products know they cannot sell to minors. However, minors will have older people buy it for them. While of course this is illegal, some of the store clerks can be oblivious to what is happening before them. On the streets, you see people hanging out and smoking in many places. This was just a very simple example of how the SEM is used to help explain the influences that affect the smoking Hispanic community.
An intervention that could impact at least one of the levels could be start making flyers and papers that show the effects of smoking in Spanish so the older population can read it and actually see the effects. I know they have some in Spanish about drug use and their side-effects, but those are mostly directed to the younger population and talk about all types of drugs. I think making one that is directed to an older audience in Spanish will help a lot of the community and individual level.